Nov 01, 2016

Researchers from Princeton University and the University of Texas-Austin have demonstrated that electrons on a crystal bismuth exhibit the Nematic Quantum Hall Liquid effect at very low temperatures.

Nematic quantum Hall liquid on the surface of bismuth

This is the first time that a quantum fluid of electrons is visualized. As valleytronics aims to exploit the energy level of electrons in relation to their momentum, this is an important step toward realizing this technology.

Source: